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Issues in Educational Research, 2024, Vol 34(1), 340-358.
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Cultural heritage education for high school students in Colombia: A socially appropriate measurement scale

Jacob Vargas-Arteaga, Marbel Gravini-Donado, Myriam Ortíz-Padilla
Simón Bolívar University, Colombia

Luz Elena Vargas-Ortiz
University of Cartagena, Colombia

The social appreciation of cultural heritage is a process where knowledge, values and relationships that people develop around their heritage assets converge. In the absence of validated instruments to measure this construct, this study has focused on designing and validating a Measurement Scale for the Social Appreciation of Cultural Heritage (MS-SACH) for high school students. The questionnaire's content has been approved by nine experts and applied to a pilot sample to assess its comprehension. For construct validation, the questionnaire was applied to a sample of 304 students. The confirmatory factor analysis allowed the retention of ten items grouped into three factors associated with the social appreciation of cultural heritage: (1) knowledge about cultural heritage; (2) values attributable to cultural heritage; and (3) heritage linkages. The results allow us to conclude that the scale developed presents evidence of validity and reliability, whose contribution can be of great value in studies for the evaluation of proposals related to the teaching of cultural heritage.
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Authors: Dr Jacob Vargas-Arteaga (corresponding author), Simón Bolívar University, Colombia, holds a degree in Computer Science and Audiovisual Media and a Masters in Education degree from the University of Cordóba, Colombia. His doctorate in Educational Sciences was attained at Simón Bolívar University, Colombia. He is a teacher of computer technology and member of the research group Cymted-L recognised by the Ministry of Science and Technology of Colombia.
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3712-4907
Email: jacob.vargas@unisimon.edu.co

Dr Marbel Gravini-Donado holds a degree in psychology from Universidad Metropolitana de Barranquilla, a Masters in Education from Fundación Universidad del Norte, Colombia, and a doctorate in Education from Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Spain. Dr Gravini-Donado is a professor and researcher at Simón Bolívar University, Colombia, and is recognised as a Senior Researcher by the Ministry of Science and Technology of Colombia.
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3972-5271
Email: mgravini1@unisimonbolivar.edu.co

Dr Myriam Ortíz-Padilla holds a degree in psychology from Universidad Metropolitana de Barranquilla, a Masters in Education from Fundación Universidad del Norte, Colombia, and a doctorate in Education from Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Spain. Dr Ortíz-Padilla is a teacher and researcher at Simón Bolívar University, Colombia, and is recognised as an Associate Researcher by the Ministry of Science and Technology of Colombia.
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8964-9428
Email: mortiz@unisimonbolivar.edu.co

Ms Luz Elena Vargas-Ortiz holds a degree in mathematics from the University of Cordóba, a Masters in Statistical Sciences from the National University of Colombia, and is currently a PhD candidate in Engineering at the University of Cartagena. Ms Vargas-Ortiz is a professor at the University of Cartagena, Colombia, and is recognised as a Junior Researcher by the Ministry of Science and Technology of Colombia.
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4716-5227
Email: lvargaso@unicartagena.edu.co

Please cite as: Vargas-Arteaga, J., Gravini-Donado, M., OrtÝz-Padilla, M. & Vargas-Ortiz, L. E. (2024). Cultural heritage education for high school students in Colombia: A socially appropriate measurement scale. Issues in Educational Research, 34(1), 340-358. http://www.iier.org.au/iier34/vargas-arteaga.pdf


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