Work-family interactions among female teachers: Socio-demographic, labour and psychosocial predictors
Mary Sandra Carlotto
Universidade do Vale do Rio dos Sinos, Brazil
Sheila Gonçalves Câmara
Universidade Federal de Ciências da Saúde de Porto Alegre, Brazil
The reciprocal interaction between work and family is an important issue currently, as demands in both contexts have increased in the present times. In educational system, the expansion of teaching duties that has occurred in recent years affects female teachers especially, as they have to balance the demands in both work and family contexts. This cross-sectional study aimed to assess demographic, labour and psychosocial predictors of work-family interactions within a random sample of 623 female teachers from a city in the metropolitan area of Porto Alegre, Brazil. The instruments used were a socio-demographic and labour questionnaire, the Psychosocial Risk Assessment Battery to assess work overload, self-efficacy, social support at work, autonomy, role conflict and interpersonal conflicts, and the Survey Work-Home Interaction-Nijmegen (SWING) to assess the work-family relationship interaction, considering its direction and quality in four dimensions - negative work-family interaction; negative family-work interaction; positive work-family interaction and positive family-work interaction. The results were obtained by means of linear regression analysis, indicating that the overload, weekly workload, performance of another occupational activity, social support and self-efficacy variables worked as predictors of the dimensions of the work-family interaction.
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|Authors: Dr Mary Sandra Carlotto earned her PhD in social psychology from Universidade de Santiago de Compostela (USC), Spain. She is a Professor of the Graduate Program in Psychology at the Universidade do Vale do Rio dos Sinos (UNISINOS), Brazil. Her research interests include occupational health psychology, workplace stress, burnout syndrome, technostress, common mental disorders, and harassment.|
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Sheila Gonçalves Câmara earned her PhD in psychology from the Pontifícia Universidade Cató lica do Rio Grande do Sul (PUCRS), Brazil. She is a Professor at the Universidade Federal de Ciências da Saúde de Porto Alegre (UFCSPA), Brazil. Her research interests are in the areas of public health, worker's health and adolescent health, health and well-being in adolescence and among workers, with emphasis on burnout syndrome.
Please cite as: Carlotto, M. S. & Câmara, S. G. (2018). Work-family interactions among female teachers: Socio-demographic, labour and psychosocial predictors. Issues in Educational Research, 28(4), 870-883. http://www.iier.org.au/iier28/carlotto.pdf